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Alternative Investments: What Are They and How Do They Work?

Alternative Investments and asset allocation concept. Where to Invest? Newspaper and direction sign with investment options.

Alternative investments refer to any investments that do not fit into the traditional categories of stocks, bonds, or cash. Instead, these investments are classified as alternative because they are less traditional, less liquid, and often have more complex structures.

While alternative investments may not be for everyone, they can provide an opportunity to diversify your portfolio, generate higher returns, and provide access to unique markets. In this article, we’ll discuss what alternative investments are, why they can be valuable, and some examples of popular alternative investments.

What Are Alternative Investments?

Alternative investments include a wide range of investment types, such as hedge funds, private equity, real estate, commodities, infrastructure, and more. These investments can be accessed through a variety of channels, including funds, direct investments, and platforms.

One of the key differences between alternative investments and traditional investments is the level of regulation involved. Traditional investments such as stocks and bonds are heavily regulated, whereas alternative investments are often less regulated, which can create both opportunities and risks.

Why Consider Alternative Investments?

There are several reasons why investors may consider alternative investments. For one, alternative investments can provide a way to diversify a portfolio, which can help reduce risk. Additionally, alternative investments can offer the potential for higher returns than traditional investments, as they often have less liquidity and are more complex.

Examples of Alternative Investments

  1. Hedge Funds: Hedge funds are a type of investment fund that use complex investment strategies to generate high returns. These funds are generally only available to accredited investors and institutional investors.
  2. Private Equity: Private equity refers to investments made in private companies, often with the goal of acquiring a controlling stake in the company. These investments can be high risk, but also offer the potential for high returns.
  3. Real Estate: Real estate investments can include direct investments in physical property, as well as investments in real estate investment trusts (REITs). Real estate investments can provide income through rent and the potential for capital appreciation.
  4. Commodities: Commodities include raw materials such as gold, oil, and wheat. Investing in commodities can provide diversification benefits, as these investments often have a low correlation to traditional investments.
  5. Infrastructure: Infrastructure investments can include investments in things like airports, highways, and water treatment facilities. These investments can provide a stable source of income through long-term contracts with governments and other entities.


Alternative investments can provide investors with a way to diversify their portfolios and potentially generate higher returns. However, these investments can also be complex, illiquid, and carry higher risks. It’s important to do your research and seek professional investment advice before investing in alternative investments.

At Fund Management Services, our team of experienced analysts provides personalized investment advice and access to a range of alternative investment funds and financial instruments. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you achieve your investment goals.